What is Realistic Fiction?

What is Realistic Fiction?
What is Realistic Fiction?

Realism
is an aesthetic mode which broke with the classical demands of art to show life
as it should be in order to show life “as it is.” The work of realist
art tends to eschew the elevated subject matter of tragedy in favour of the
quotidian, the average, the commonplace, the middle classes and their daily
struggles with the mean verities of everyday existence—these are the typical
subject matters of realism.

The
attempt, however, to render life as it is, to use language as a kind of
undistorting mirror of, or perfectly transparent window to the ‘real’ is
fraught with contradictions, Realism in this simplified sense must assume a
one-to-one relationship between the signifier (the word, tree for example) and
the thing it represents the actual arboreal object typically found in forests).
Realism must, in effect, disguise its own status as artifice, must try and
force language into transparency through an appeal to our ideologically
constructed sense of the reader must be addressed in such a way that he or she
is always, in way, saving. “Yes. That’s it, that’s how it really is.”

Realism
can never fully offer up the world in all its complexity, its irreducible
plentitude. Its verisimilitude is an effect achieved through the deployment of certain
literary and ideological conventions which have been invested with a kind of
truth value. The use of an omniscient narrator who gives us access to a character’s
thoughts, feelings and motivations, for example, is a highly formalized
convention that produces a sense of psychological depth, the characters seem to
have ‘lives’ independent of the text itself. They, of course, do not: the sense
that they do is achieved entirely by
the fact that both the author and the reader share these codes of the real. The
consensual nature of such codes is so deep that we forget that we are in the
presence of fiction. As Terry Eagleton notes, the sign as ‘reflection,’
‘expression’ or ‘representation denies the productive character of language: it
suppresses the fact that what we only have a ‘world’ at all because we have
language to signify it.

The realist fiction first developed in the
nineteenth century and is the form we associate with the work of writers such
as Austen, Balzac, George Eliot and Tolstoy. According to Barthes, the narrative
or plot of a realist fiction is structured around an opening enigma which
throws the conventional cultural and signifying practices into disarray.

In a detective novel, for example, the opening
enigma is usually a murder, or a theft. The event throws the world into a
paranoid state of suspicion; the reader and the protagonist can no longer trust
anyone because signs people, objects, words no longer have the obvious meaning
they had before the event. But the story must move inevitably towards closure,
which in the realist fiction involves some dissolution or resolution of the
enigma: the murderer is caught, the case is solved, the hero marries the girl.

The realist fiction drives toward the final
re-establishment of harmony and thus re-assures the reader that the value
system of signs and cultural practices which he or she shares with the author
is not in danger. The political affiliation of the realist novel is thus
evident; in trying to show us the world as it is, it often reaffirms, in the
last instance, the way things are.

As Catherine Belscy notes, classic realism is “still the dominant popular mode in literature, film, and television drama”. It has been denounced as the crudest form of the readerly text, and its conventions subverted and parodied by the modern fiction, the new fiction and postmodern fiction. However, the form, like the capitalist mode of production with which it is historically coincident, has shown remarkable resiliency. It will no doubt continue to function, if only anti-thetically, as one of the chief influences on the development of hypertext fiction.

Characteristics
of Realistic Fiction
:
1.     In realistic fiction the stories are used to happen in
Contextual present or recent past
2.     The entire setting, places of the fiction are real.
3.     All characters seem like real people with real issues
solved in a realistic way.
4.     The events and problems occurring in the novel are
real and equites with the readers’ own in day to day life.
5.     The dialogues must be based on our regular
conversation without any flowery and hypothetical ideas or thought.
6.     The plot is fresh and original.
7.     In realistic fiction, the theme grows gradually and
the resolution makes sense


Realistic Fiction Books :
1.     The Outsiders by S. E. Hinton
2.     The Fault in Our Stars by John Green
3.     Thirteen Reasons Why by Jay Asher
4.     The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton
5.     Because of Winn-Dixie by Kate DiCamillo
6.     To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee
7.     The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger
8.     Diary of a Wimpy Kid by Jeff Kinney
9.     Holes by Louis Sachar
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