Sunday, 29 November 2015

Malapropism: An Overview




Malapropism

‘Mal’ is originally a French prefix which means ‘ill’ and ‘aprop’ means ‘to the purpose’. Malapropism is the wrong use of similar sounding word that results in a nonsensical and humorous expression

Mrs. Malaprop is  a character in Richard Brinsley Sheridan’s famous play, The Rivals.  She is famous for her notorious use of words or phrases which gives her a special status representing a new form of entertaining verbal felicity. The oddity of Mrs. Malaprop’s language is popularly known as Malapropism which has become a subject of discussion in English philology.
..
What Mrs. Malaprop says
What Mrs. Malaprop wants to mean
Allegory
Alligator
Envoy
Convoy
Dissolve
Resolve
Felicity
Velocity
Illuminate
Elucidate
Analysed
Paralysed


Common Example:
Malapropism is a common phenomenon in our daily life.

1) You lead the way and we'll precede. (proceed)

2) Having one wife is called monotony. (monogamy)
3) Good punctuation means not to be late. (punctuality)


Literary Example:


William Shakespeare uses malapropism in his plays as well. Look at the following example of malapropism uttered by Constable Dogberry in Act III Scene 5 of “Much Ado About Nothing”:

“Our watch, sir, have indeed comprehended two auspicious persons.”

Here the use of ‘comprehended’ for ‘apprehended’ and ‘auspicious’ for ‘suspicious.’


Malapropism is the direct influence of the Latin and Greek words after Renaissance. The half educated people were tempted to use such way which laid to ridiculous mistakes.

The effect of Malpropism as Sheridan employed is to raise the feeling of ludicrousness. It also acts the farcical element in rhetoric. Although it is considered an error in speech, malapropism is a great source of humour in both everyday life as well as literature.
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