For Exclusive Notes and Analysis

Wednesday, 28 October 2015

Grass-root Level of Learning RHETORIC




What is RHETORIC?

Literally, the term ‘rhetoric’ roots from the Greek word “rhetor” meaning ‘public speaker’ or ‘public orator’. Rhetoric is an art, intended for swaying the feelings or emotions of a hearer or reader. It is the ‘whole art of elegant and effective composition, whether spoken or written. Aristotle, the master philosopher defines ‘rhetoric’ as “the faculty by which we understand what will serve our turn, concerning any subject to win belief in the hearer.” According to Locke, ‘rhetoric’ was the art of speaking with propriety, elegance and force”

On the whole, we may say that rhetoric is the study and practice of communication that persuades, informs, inspires, or entertains target audiences in order to change or reinforce beliefs, values, habits or actions.



Difference between ‘Grammar’ & ‘Rhetoric’

With the rules of composition, both ‘rhetoric’ and ‘grammar’ are inter-connected.

The basic purpose of learning ‘grammar’ is to speak or write a language correctly and clearly. By reading grammar one learns different rules, concerning sentence-structure, pronunciation, spelling, syntax, punctuation, and so on.


Apparently, the fundamental aim of learning rhetoric is to add stylistic beauty and grace to a language just like ornamenting a woman enhance her charm.


What is ‘Figure of Speech’?

The word ‘figure’ (Lat. ‘figura’) means ‘external structure’ or ‘outward shape’. It’s another meaning is ‘remarkable’. So “A figure of speech”, as observed by Bain, “is a deviation from the plain and ordinary way of speaking, for the sake of greater effect.” People are found to use them, often unconsciously or unknowingly, in their ordinary affairs of life. “They are” in the language of Martin, “the warp and woof of somebody’s speech.”

Classification of ‘Figure of Speech’


Generally, there are seven figures of speech:


                                1) Figure based on Similarity

                                2) Figure based on Contrast or Difference

                                3) Figure based on Association

                                4) Figure based on Imagination

                                5) Figure based on Sound

                                6) Figure based on Indirectness

                                7) Figure based on Construction



to be continued
Share:

Find Me At Facebook

Latest Posts

Get Free Updates

Tags

A Renouncing of Love (1) African English Literature (2) Alexander Pope (6) American Literature (18) Analyses (23) Arthur Miller (5) Australian Literature (2) Beowulf (3) Biographies (11) Book Review (2) British Literature (67) Broad Notes (72) Charles Dickens (1) Charles Lamb (2) Chinua Achebe (1) Creative Writing (3) Diaspora (1) Drama (1) Dream Children: A Reverie (1) E-book Download (12) Edward II (3) Elizabethan Era (2) English Language (13) English Literature (7) Escapism (1) Essay (9) Essays (12) Explanations (3) Feminism (2) Francis Bacon (3) Genre (1) George Eliot (2) Hard Times (1) Heart of Darkness (1) Historical Novel (5) History of English Literature (21) Indian Drama (1) Indian Writing in English (14) Indo-Anglican Literature (15) Interesting Facts (8) Interpreter of Maladies (2) Jane Austen (1) Jayanta Mahapatra (1) Jhumpa Lahiri (1) John Donne (3) John Keats (1) Joseph Conrad (1) Knowledge and Wisdom (1) Leo Tolstoy (1) Linguistics (2) Literary Criticism (3) Literary MCQ (2) Literary Photo Album (1) Literary Terms (13) Literary Types (5) Lord of the Flies (1) Lyric (1) Macbeth (4) Man Eater of Malgudi (2) Midnight's Children (1) Modern Poetry (2) Motivational Short Story (21) My Penning (1) Nayantara Sahgal (1) Notes (1) Novel (36) O' Henry (1) Ode to a Nightingale (1) Ode to the West Wind (1) Of Friendship (1) Old Vs New Testament (1) On Fame (1) Othello (1) P B Shelley (1) Paulo Coelho (2) Philological Notes (8) Phonetics (3) Picaresque Novel (4) Plays (20) Poetry (33) Popular Literature (1) Pride and Prejudice (1) Prosody (3) Quiz (1) Quotations (6) Rabindranath Tagore (1) Rape of the Lock (4) Restoration Era (2) Rhetoric (2) Robert Browning (1) Romanticism (1) Seven Ages of Man (1) Shakespearean Influence (2) Shakespearean Plays (5) Shakespearean Sonnets (3) Short Notes (10) Short Stories (7) Substance Writing (1) Summary (7) Sylvia Plath (1) T. S. Eliot (1) Texts (11) The Crucible (3) The Golden Light (2) The Guide (1) The Mill on the Floss (2) The Pulley (2) The Rivals (1) The Sunne Rising (5) The Superannuated Man (1) The Town Week (1) Things Fall Apart (1) Toni Morrison (6) Tragedy (2) Untouchable (1) Way of the World (1) William Blake (1) William Golding (1) William Wordsworth (2) Word Notes & Annotations (1) Word Notes & Anotations (2)