July 2016 ~ All About English Literature

For Exclusive Notes and Analysis

Tuesday, 26 July 2016

Stay Sharp: Motivational Story

Stay Sharp: Motivational Story

Once a sturdy woodcutter in search of a job went to a timber merchant and he got it. The pay was really good and so was the work condition. For those reasons, the woodcutter was determined to do his best.

His boss gave him an axe and showed him the area where he supposed to work.
The first day, the woodcutter brought 18 trees.

“Congratulations,” the boss said. “Go on that way!”

Very motivated by the boss words, the woodcutter tried harder the next day, but he could only bring 15 trees. The third day he tried even harder, but he could only bring 10 trees. Day after day he was bringing less and less trees.

“I must be losing my strength”, the woodcutter thought. He went to the boss and apologized, saying that he could not understand what was going on.

“When was the last time you sharpened your axe?” the boss asked.

“Sharpen? I had no time to sharpen my axe. I have been very busy trying to cut trees…”

So What We Can Learn?

Our lives are like that. We sometimes get so busy that we don’t take time to sharpen the “axe”. In today’s world, it seems that everyone is busier than ever, but less happy than ever.

Why is that? Could it be that we have forgotten how to stay “sharp”? There’s nothing wrong with activity and hard work. But we should not get so busy that we neglect the truly important things in life, like our personal life, taking time to get close to our Creator, giving more time for our family, taking time to read etc.

We all need time to relax, to think and meditate, to learn and grow. If we don’t take the time to sharpen the “axe”, we will become dull and lose our effectiveness. 

If you like this story don't hesitate to share.
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Sunday, 24 July 2016

No Act of Kindness is Ever Wasted: Motivational Story

No Act of Kindness is Ever Wasted: Motivational Story

Following is a true story of Dr. Howard Kelly, a distinguished physician who, in 1895, founded the Johns Hopkins Division of Gynecologic Oncology at Johns Hopkins University. There is still some doubt about the wholesome truth about this story. May be some part is real while some part is fictionalised. But keeping all those debates away we must readily admit the most precious lesson that this story passes to us.  


There was a poor boy named Howard Kelly. He used to sell goods from house to house only just to earn a living and pay his education.  One day he felt so hungry and decided to ask for something to eat at the next house he is set to visit. However, he lost his guts to ask for a meal when a beautiful young woman opened the door for him.


Instead of asking for a meal, he just asked for one glass of water. But the young lady noticed that he looked hungry. So instead of water she brought him one large glass of milk.


He slowly drank the milk and asked “How much do I need to pay”?


The lady replied, “You don’t have to pay me anything as mother taught us to never take any pay for kindness.”


The boy said smilingly, “Then I thank you from my heart.”


As Howard Kelly left that house, he not only felt stronger physically, but his faith in God and man was strong also. However, that little act of kindness made a mark on his heart and made him feel stronger and better. He was ready to give up in his life before that happened but because someone had showed him kindness in a much unexpected event.


Years had pass and the young woman became seriously ill. The local doctors were kind of baffled of her case so they sent her to the hospital in the big city. A specialist is needed to study her rare illness so they consulted Dr. Howard Kelly. He is a renowned Gynecologist who founded the Gynecologic Oncology division at Johns Hopkins University.


When Dr. Kelly heard the name of the town where the patient came from, an inexplicable light filled his eyes. He immediately went to see the patient and recognized her at one glance. Determined to save her, he went back to the consultation room and did his best to save the life of a woman who once made a difference in his life. After a long battle, he finally won.


Dr. Kelly requested the hospital accounts to forward the final bill to him for approval. He looked at it and without any hesitation wrote something on the bill and had it sent to the woman’s room. The woman got the bill and was afraid to open it for she was so sure that the cost is high and would probably take all her life to pay for it. But when she finally opened it, something caught her eye. At the corner of the bill were words she hardly believe her eyes. It is written: 

“Paid in full with one glass of milk”.


Signed by Dr, Kelly


Tears of joy flooded her eyes as her happy heart prayed: “Thank You, God, that Your love has spread abroad through human hearts and hands.”


Moral: Three things in human life are important: the first is to be kind; the second is to be kind; and the third is to be kind. No act of kindness is ever wasted. Begin it today, treat everyone you meet as if they were going to be dead by night. Extend to them all the care, kindness and understanding you can muster and do it with no thought of any reward. Your life will never be the same again.


Now you have two choices. You can share this post on and spread a positive message or ignore it and pretend it never touched your heart.
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Saturday, 23 July 2016

How has the Bible influenced English Language and Literature?

How has the Bible influenced English Language and Literature?

The Bible being the Holy Words of God is the sacred book of the Christians. The literary influence of the Bible has been tremendous, all pervasive and perennial. In fact the Bible has been providing the English men of letters spiritual themes and also modulated their literary style. It has gifted ample vocabulary, most beautiful quotations, maxims and phrases. The whole range of English language and literature is much indebted to the Bible for its dignity and richness.

Bible is divided into two parts:

                   i) The Old Testament
                   ii) The New Testament 


TheOld Testament consists of 39 books and the New Testament 27, making in all 66 in the entire Bible. The Old Testament deals with the narrative history of Jewish civilization and the primeval history of Creation. The New Testament with the Gospel of Mathew, Mark, Luke and John glorifies the life and preaching of Jesus Christ. The Old Testament was written in Hebrew language while the New in Greek language.

It was St. Jerome who made the first translation of Bible in the 4th century A.D. This was in Latin and called ‘vulgate’. During the O.E. Period Bede had translated a portion of the gospel of St John. Wycliffe (1320-84) took a great initiative in completing two versions of Bible. William Tyndale, the Reformation leader made a wholesome attempt at this task and translated directly from the Hebrew and Greek originals and not from the Latin ‘vulgate’. Subsequently Miles Coverdale brought a complete English Bible which was printed in 1535. After Tyndale, attempts were made at numerous translations, the chief of them being Cranmer’s Great Bible (1539), the Geneva Bible (1556), and the Bishop’s Bible (1568).

The greatest and the most popular version of the Bible is King James I’s Authorised Version of Bible (1611), a works of 47 recognised biblical scholars for four years. They compiled the Hebrew, the Greeks, the Latin vulgate and many other translations into a new excellence. Its sweet fragrance pervades almost the entire arena of English language and literature. As Moody and Lovett put it “In the King’s Bible we possess monument of English prose of no particular age, but gathering into itself the strength and sweetness of all ages.”

According to Compton-Rickett “The influence of Bible is two folds – there is the rhetorical influence of the Old Testament and the convention of the new. It has both the thematic and stylistic influence.

The Bible carried new coined expressions to all the strata of society: ‘tender mercy’, ‘loving kindness’, ‘peace maker’, ‘glad tidings’, ‘scape goat’ and so on. Many Biblical phrases are now used as idioms, ‘to hope against hope’, ‘olive branches’, ‘to cast pearl before swine’, ‘the eleventh hour’, ‘wash one’s hands of’, ‘to kill the flatted calf’, ‘a howling wilderness’, ‘a broken reed’, ‘a good Samaritan’, ‘swear of the brow’, and so on.

The influence of the Bible spreads all over English literature, particularly the thought and style of great English prose writers. This Holy book ignited Bunyan a lot to pen down his magnum opus, Pilgrim’s Progress. The historian Clarendon and Fuller, catch some measure of the stately rhetoric of the Old Testament. While Sir Thomas Browne in his quaint Religio Medici, Robert Burton in his Anatomy of Melancholy and Jeremy Taylor in a varying ways testify to its influence.

In the world of English poetry Milton, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Keats, Shelley, Pope, Dryden, Tennyson, Browning were highly charged up with the light of the Bible.


English drama has also been influenced by the Bible. In fact it was in the middle of the Church that English drama born and brought up. Previously Miracle and Morality plays of the Middle Ages originated from Bible. Playwrights like Marlowe, Shakespeare, T.S. Eliot, G.B. Shaw owed much to Bible.


Among other writers Cromwell, Wesley, Richards, George Fox, Emerson, Walt Whitman, Abraham Lincoln, and also Mahatma Gandhi were under the influence of it that changed their outlook and sharpened their imagination.


Let’s sum up in the voice of George Sampson, “The greatest of all translation is Bible. It is even more than that: it is the greatest English book, the first in the English classic.... It is in a singular degree the voice of people.”  


 Also Read: Comparison between Old Testament Vs New Testament of Bible.


Please don't forget to put your view about this article in the comment box.
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Thursday, 21 July 2016

Impact of Puritanism on English Literature or Who are the Puritans? What effect did Puritanism have on the course of literature in the 16th and 17th century?

Impact of Puritanism on English Literature or Who are the Puritans? What effect did Puritanism have on the course of literature in the 16th and 17th century?

In order flush out and purify the Church in England a religious reform movement took place in the late 16th and 17th century. This movement is termed as Puritan Revolution. Not satisfied with the change that King Henry VIII, Edward II, and Queen Elizabeth made after Reformation, some extreme Protestants exhibited their contempt and discontentment. It laid the foundation stone for religious, intellectual and social order of New England. Puritanism, however, was not only a historically specific phenomenon coincident with the founding of New England; it was also a way of being in the world, a style of response to lived experience- that was reverberated through American life ever since.

The Puritans coloured their lives on the preaching of religious reformers, John Wycliffe and John Calvin. They had their own sets of beliefs and idealisms. These are:

          1. They believed that The Bible represented the true law of God. So they always wish to reshape people and church on the ideology of Bible.

          2. They were up against the episcopacy or the rule of Bishop. Instead they wanted church to be managed by a group of ‘presbyters’ or elders. 

          3. They believed the voice of God in each man’s conscience and hence no priest or bishop could rightfully come.

          4. They insisted on extreme austerity of worship, believing that images, ornaments, alter, rituals, embroidered surplices owned by the priests.

          5.    The puritans were strict disciplinarians who stressed on grace, devotions, prayers, and introspection.

          6. They hated to see the Church being reduced to political body. They challenged Elizabethan religious settlement of 1559 to solve the religious debate. They didn’t accept the Tudor doctrine that every member of the state was automatically the member of state Church.

Charles I of England made efforts to purge all Puritan influences in England, which resulted in the Great Migration to Europe and American colonies. Those who remained in England responded to this persecution with the English Civil War (1641-1651) which led to the execution of Charles I, the Exile of his son Charles II and the rise of Oliver Cromwell.

The Puritan period was too short for a man to be born into it and reach manhood while the influence was strongest and too stormy. Poets like Andrew Marvell, Abraham Cowley and John Milton led their tremendous impact on Puritan poetry. Milton’s Paradise Lost is a dream for the Puritans. In the field of prose literature Robert Burton and John Bunyan are worth mentioning. Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress had kissed the zenith of success and is well regarded “Next to Bible” (Taine). Undeniably, this book is the greatest product of Puritan literature. There was a steep decline of drama in the puritan period. After The Tempest in 1611, the productive energy of English renaissance seemed to dry up.

While the Puritan literature speaks of age of sadness, gloom and pessimism, the Elizabethan literature throbbed with youth, vitality and hope. The Elizabeth literature was intensely romantic; in Puritan literature critical, intellectual takes the place or romantic ardour.

The large victory in the Civil War supplied oxygen to the Puritans to set up the Commonwealth. Oliver Cromwell built his military dictatorship during Protectorate, but in 1660, monarchy was restored. Though failed, the Puritans left their shoes to put on for the Whig Party into the Political affair of England.
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Sunday, 17 July 2016

List of Indian Words Enter into English Dictionary

List of Indian Words Enter into English Dictionary

English Terms
Meaning
Root Words/ Script / Language
Adda
Gathering of friends and relatives for mere gossiping.
আড্ডা
Bengali
Ahimsa
Non-violence
अहिंसा ahimsā (Sanskrit)Gandhiji popularised  this word.
Ambarella
A kind of tree
Sinhalese: ඇඹරැල්ලා æmbarællā
Amrita
Nectar of everlasting life
Sanskrit अमृतम् amṛtam
Aniline
A toxic organic compound
Sanskrit नीली nili
Portugese Anil
Apadravya
A male genital piercing where a barbell passes through the penis
Sanskrit
Aryan
Noble or honourable
Sanskrit आर्य Arya-s/ Greek Ἀρεία Areia/ Latin Ariana
Asana
Yoga postures
Sanskrit आसन āsana (seat)
Ashram
A religious heritage
Sanskrit आश्रम āśrama
Atoll
Coral reef enclosing a lagoon
Sanskrit अन्तला antala/ Maldivean:އަތޮޅު
Aubergine
Eggplant
Sanskrit
वातिगगम vātigagama
Avatar
The incarnation of a Hindu deity
Avtar अवतार
Ayurveda
Organic medicine from herb
Sanskrit आयुर्वेद āyurveda (knowledge of life)
Bahuvrihi
Much rice
Sanskrit बहुव्रीहि bahuvrīhih
Bamboo
A tropical giant woody grass
ಬಂಬು baṃbu (Kannada)
Bandanna
A large and brightly coloured handkerchief; often used as a neckerchief.
Bandhna बांधना (Hindi)
Bandicoot
Pig rat
పందికొక్కు pandi-kokka (Telegu)
Bangle
A type of bracelet
bāngṛī बांगड़ी (hindi)
Banyan
A merchant
Sanskrit वणिज्vaṇij/ Hindi baniya
Basmati
A kind of slender aromatic rice
Sanskrit वास vāsa/ Hindi बासमती
Beryl
Most alluring and popular mineral
Prakrit वेलुरिय (veluriya)
Betel
A leaf of a vine belonging to the Piperaceae family
Betel
Tamil or Malaylam
Bhakti
Passionate religious devotion
Sanskrit भक्ति bhakti
Bhang
hemp
Sanskrit भङ्ग bhaṅga
Bidi
A thin Indian cigarette wrapped in kendu leaf.
Sanskrit वितिक vitika
Blighty
"Britain" (as a term of endearment among British troops stationed in Colonial India) / foreigner
Vilāyatī विलायती,
ولايتى
Bridal Piri
Seat for newly married bride-groom as per hindu custom.
বিয়ের পিড়ি
Bengali
Brinjal
Eggplant vegetable
Sanskrit भण्टाकी bhaṇṭākī/ Persian بادنجان badingān
Buddha
Enlightened or awakened
Sanskrit बुद्ध Buddha/ from the name of Siddhartha Gautam Buddha
Bungalow
House in Bengal style
Bangle بنگلہ,
 बंगला
Candy
crystallized sugar or confection made from sugar
Qand
(Persian)
‘khanda’
(Sanskrit)
Catamaran
Tied wood
கட்டுமரம்
Kattumaram in Tamil
Cheroot
A cylindrical cigar
சுருட்டு
suruṭṭu in Tamil
Cheetah
Variegated
Cītā चीता
Chit
a letter or note
Chitthi चिट्ठी
Chuddar
A large piece of cloth for wrapping upper part of the body
Sanskrit छत्रम् chatram
Chukar
Partridge
Urdu چکور chukar/ Hindi चकोर / Sanskrit चकोर cakorah
Chukkar
A circle or wheel
Sanskrit चक्र cakra/ Urdu چکرchakkar
Chutney
A sauce in the cuisines of the Indian sub-continent.
Chatni चटनी (Tamil)
Coir
cord/rope, fibre from husk of coconut
Malayalam kayar (കയർ)
Or Tamil kayiru (கயிறு)
Congee
porridge, water with rice
Khanji
(Tamil)
Coolie
A labourer or slave
Tamil cooli (கூலி)
Or Gujrati
Corundum

குருந்தம்/ குருவிந்தம்
kuruntham/ kuruvintham
Cot
A portable bed
Khāt खाट
Chowkat
A door frame
Chokaath
Cowry
the shells of certain sea snails
Sanskrit kaparda (कपर्द)
Crimson
Reddish colour
Sanskrit कृमिज krmi-ja literally: "red dye produced by a worm”/ Spanish cremesin
Crocus
A flowering plant of iris family.
कुङ्कुमं kunkumam (Sanskrit)/ Hebrew כרכום karkōm/ Greek κρόκος crocus
Cummerbund
A waist-binding
Kamarband कमरबन्द - Urdu کمربند
Curry
a variety of dishes flavored with a spicy sauce
Dravidian Language
Cushy
Easy, happy, exalted
Khushi ख़ुशी
خوشی
Dacoit
Robbers, Bandit
Dakait डकैत्
Das
Servant or slave
Sanskrit दासा daasa
Datura
A kind of flowering plant
Sanskrit धत्तुरह dhattūrāh
Deodar
A kind of tree found in mountain region
Sanskrit देवदारु devadāru
Dekko
Look at or study something
Dekho देखो
Deva
God
Sanskrit देवी deva/ Latin deus
Devi
Goddess
Sanskrit देवी devi
Dhal
A kind of Indian food of dried pulse.
Hindi दल dāl
Dharma
Conformity to one’s nature
Pali: धम्म dhamma / Sanskrit: धर्म
Dhole
Wolf or dog species animal
ತೋಳ tōḷa (kannada)
Dinghy
A small boat
Dinghi
Ganja
Marijuana
Sanskrit गांजा gāñjā
Garam masala
A hot (spicy) mixture
garam masālā
गरम मसाल گرم مصالح
Gayal
A large bovine found in Northern India
Sanskrit गौह gauh via Bengali গযল্
Gharry
Vehicle
Sanskrit गर्त gartah via Hindi: गाड़ी,
Gharial
A kind of crocodile
Sanskrit घंतिक ghantikah
Ghee
A kind of clarified butter
Sanskrit: घृतं ghritam
Ginger
a fragrant spice
Tamil inchi (இஞ்சி) or Malayalam inchi (ഇഞ്ചി)
Godown
Warehouse
Telugu giḍangi or Tamil kiṭanku
Gour
White skinned
Sanskrit गौरह gaurah
Guar
an annual legume
Sanskrit गॊपलि gopālī,
Gunny
Sack
Sanskrit गोणी goni
Gurkha
A cowherd
via Nepalese गोर्खा / Sanskrit गोरक्ष goraksa,
Guru
An honourable teacher or priest. / heavy
Guruh गुरुः (Sanskrit)
Gymkhana
A sporting ground where different contests are arranged to test skill.

Hanuman
Mythological Monkey God (Hindu)
Sanskrit hanuman (हनुमान्)
Hare Krishna
Praising God Krishna
Sanskrit Hare (हरि) and Krishna (कृष्ण
Himalaya
Adobe of snow
Sanskrit हिमालय himalayah
Hijra
Impotent men
ಹಿಜಡಾ Hijaḍā (Kannada)
Hindi
The national language of India
Sanskrit सिन्धु sindhu (river name)
Interim
Intermediate
Sanskrit अन्तरीम antarim
Jackle
A kind of fox
Turkish çakal, / Persian شغال shaghal/ Sanskrit शृगालः srgalah
Jaconet
A lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish.
Jagannaath
(Puri, India)
Where this kind of textile is originally made of.
Jaggery
coarse brown sugar made from palm and sugarcane
Malayalam sharkara (ശർക്കര)
Or Tamil sakkarai (சக்கரை)
Jinnah Cap
A hat shaped like a fez but made of real or imitation karakul and worn by Pakistani Muslims on occasion
Karakulli topi (Name changed as Muhmmad
Ali Jinnah wore this hat)
Jodhpurs
Full-length trousers, worn for horseback riding, that are close-fitting below the knee and have reinforced patches on the inside of the leg.
Named after Jodhpur, an important place of Rajasthan, India.
Juggernaut
A metaphor for something immense and unstoppable because of institutional or physical inertia; or impending catastrophe that is foreseeable yet virtually unavoidable because of such inertia.
Jagannath जगन्नाथ
Jungal
Woods or forest
Jangal जङल्
Jute
A kind of fibre used to make thread, sack etc.
Bengali পাট jhuto / Sanskrit जुतास juta-s (twisted hair)
Kala
Black/ evil
Hindi/ Sanskrit
Kedgeree
Spicy rice
Sanskrit कृशर krśara
Kermes
Worm- made
Persian قرمز qermez / Sanskrit: कृमिज kṛmija
Khaki
A dusty or grey colour/ police uniform
Khākī  खकि
خاکی
Karma
Action/ deed/ cycle of cause and effect
Sanskrit
Kos
A shout
Sanskrit रोस krosah
Krait
A kind of snake
Sanskrit: काराइट
Lac
100 thousand
Hindi लाख lakh from Prakrit लक्ख lakkha / Sanskrit लाक्षम्
Lacquer
A liquid
Sanskrit लक्षं laksha
Langur
An animal of monkey family
Sanskrit लंगुलम langūlam
Lilac
Dark blue coloured flower
Persian نیلک nilak
Loot
Robbery
LooT , लूट
Multan
A kind of rug prevalent there
A place in Pakistan named “Multan”
Mogul
Ancient Mughal Dynasty ruled set up by Babara
Mughal
Maharaja
A king
Sanskrit महा राजन् maha-rājān
Maharani
A queen
Sanskrit महा रानी mahārājnī
Maharishi
A great sage
Sanskrit महर्षि maha-rishi
Mahatma
A great soul
Sanskrit महात्मा mahatman
Mahayana
A great vehicle
Sanskrit महायान maha-yana
Mahout
Elephant driver
Sanskrit महमत्रह् mahāmātrah
Mandala
A circle
Sanskrit मण्डल mandala
Mandarin
Advisor
Sanskrit मन्त्रिन् mantri
Mango
A very popular tropical fruit found in summer season.
Malayalam or Tamil
Mantra
A word or phrase or psalm used in meditation
Sanskrit
Maya
Illusion
Sanskrit माया māyā
Mithras
Friend
Sanskrit मित्र Mitrah
Moksha
Salvation or purification of soul
Sanskrit मोक्ष moksha
Mongoose
A small carnivorous mammal from southern Eurasia or Africa, known for killing snakes
Dravidian Language, spelling influenced by English ‘goose’.
Mulligatawny
Pepper water
Milaguthanni (Tamil)
Mung
One type of bean
Sanskrit mudga (मुद्ग) or Tamil mūngu (முங்கு)
Musk
a testicle
Sanskrit मुस्कस् muska-s
Mynah
A kind of speaking bird
Sanskrit मदन madana-s (love)
Nainsook
Pleasing to the eye
from Sanskrit नयनम्सुख् nayanam-sukh
Namaste
I bow to you
Sanskrit नमस्ते namaha-te
Nard
A round fat annoying person
French narde and Latin nardus / Sanskrit नलदम् naladam
Narghile
Hookah
Sanskrit नारिकेलः nārikelah
Nark
A police informer
Sanskrit नक्र‌ nakra
Navigation
Voyage
Sanskrit नौयान nauyaan
Neem
A kind of very useful medical tree
Sanskrit निम्बः nimbah
Nilgai
A kind of cow
Sanskrit नीलगौः nīla-gauh
Nirvana
The highest state of peace and enlightenment when individual desires and sufferings go away.
Sanskrit  or Prakrit
Nehru Jacket
a kind of sleeveless jacket that worn buttoned up to neck - formal and often worn by the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru

Opal
A kind of gem
Sanskrit औपल upalah
Orange
A citrus fruit, or a colour named for the fruit
Sanskrit ‘naranga’ or Arabic ‘naranj’
Pagoda
A religious building
Tamil pagavadi (பகாவடி)
Pandal
Temporary shelter
பந்தல் Pandhal (Tamil)
Panther
A tiger species animal
Sanskrit पाण्डर  pāṇḍara (Pale)
Pariah
A social outcaste
Tamil paṟaiyar (பறையர்)
Patchouli
A kind of spice plant like mint.
pachchai ilai (Tamil)
Path
way
Sanskrit
Peacock
A beautiful bird known for its dance in the monsoon.
Tamil tokei (தோகை)
Or may be O.E. ‘pawa’
Pitta
Young bird
Pitta పిట్ట (Telegu)
Poori
A kind of cake
Poori पुर
Punch
Mixture of five ingredients
panch ,
also there was a drink named paantsch پانچ
Pundit
A learned scholar or priest.
पण्डित Pandit
Pukka
UK slang: “genuine” or “solid”
Pakkā पक्का,پکا
Purana
Ancient time/ Hindu religious texts that are part of the Vedas.
Sanskrit
Pyjamas
A kind of leg garment
पैजामा paijaamaa
پاى
Raga
Indian Classical music
Sanskrit राग rāgah,
Raita
A kind of India dish made especially for accompaniment of roti.
रायता ریتا
 Rayta
Raj
Kingdom
Sanskrit राज्य rājya
Rajah
King
Sanskrit राजन् rājān
Ramtil
a dark sesame
Sanskrit रामतिलः rāmatilah
Rani
Queen
Sanskrit राज्ञी rājnī
Rice
Seed of paddy
Sanskrit व्रीहिस् vrihi-s
Roti
Kind of Indian bread
रॊटी روٹی roti
Rupee
Indian currency
Sanskrit रूप्यकम् rūpyakam
Rye
A kind of crop
Sanskrit राजा rājā
Saccharo
Sugar
Pali सक्खर sakkharā / Sanskrit शर्करा sarkarā
Sadhu
Honest man
Sanskrit साधु sādhu
Sahib
European people
Hindi ‘saheb’
Samadhi
A spiritual state of consciousness
Sanskrit समाधि samadhi
Sambal
A spicy condiment
Tamil or Telegu
Sambar
Asian deer
Sanskrit संभारह् śambarah
Samsara
Passing through
Sanskrit संसार saṃ-sāra
Sandal
wood for burning incense
Sanskrit चन्दनम् candanam / Greek σανδάλιον sandalion
Sangha
A community for Buddhist monk
Sanskrit संघ saṅgha
Sanskrita
Put together
Sanskrit संस्कृतम् samskrtam
Sapphire
A precious stone sacred to Saturn (Sani)
Latin sapphirus and Greek σάπφειρος sappheiros / Sanskrit शनिप्रिय
Sari
A kind of ladies garment
Prakrit सदि sadi/ Sanskrit षाटी sati
Satyagraha
insisting on truth
Sanskrit सत्याग्रह satyagraha
Sattva
truth
Sanskrit सत्त्व sattvah
Shamana
a Buddhist monk
Sanskrit श्रमण sramana-s
Shampoo
A liquid preparation for washing the hair.
chāmpo चाँपो
Shanti
Peace of mind
Sanskrit, T.S. Eliot made the term entry in his The Waste Land.
Shawl
A strip of cloth
Sanskrit सत्ल् satI
Siddha
Achieved
Sanskrit सिद्ध siddhah
Sikh
Studies
Hindi सिख sikh
Singh
A lion
Sanskrit सिंहः simhah
Stupa
Crown of the head
Sanskrit स्तूपः stūpah
Sulfur
Copper’s enemy
Sanskrit शुल्बारी shulbari
Sugar
ground or candied sugar
Sanskrit शर्करा sharkara
Sunn
A kind of fibre plant
Sanskrit: सन sāna
Sutra
rule
Sanskrit सूत्र sutram
Suttee
Virgin woman
Sanskrit सती sati
Swami
Lord or master
Sanskrit स्वामी svami
Swastika
A lucky charm
Sanskrit स्वस्तिक svastika
Taka
Money
Bengali: টাকা
Tantra
weave
Sanskrit तन्त्र tantram
Teak
A tropical hardwood tree
tekku (தேக்கு) in Tamil
Teapoy
Three-legged table
Sanskrit compound: त्रि
Thug
A cheater or con man
Thagi
ठग
Til
A kind of plant
Sanskrit तिल tilah
Toddy
A kind of juice from palm tree
Tārī
ताड़ी
Tola
A traditional unit of mass
Sanskrit तुला tulā
Tutty
Blue vitriol
Sanskrit तुत्थं tuttham
Typhoon
A cyclonic storm
طوفان toofaan
Veranda
Porch or corridor
baramdaa बरामदा
Vimana
Aeroplane
Sanskrit विमान vimana
Vina
A kind of musical instrument
Sanskrit वीणा vīṇā
Vinyasa
To place
Sanskrit
Wanderoo
A kind of monkey
Sanskrit वानर vānarah
Wat
An enclosure
Sanskrit वात vātah
Yoga
An ancient Hindu spiritual practices common in India that have become internationally popular
योग
Yogi
One who practises yoga
Sanskrit योगिन् yogin
Yugas
Age/ Period
Sanskrit
Zen
A meditation
Japanese and Chinese Chán / Sanskrit ध्यान dhyana
Zamindar
A landholder of British colonial India for collecting taxes.



If you know any other words of Indian origin please don't forget to mention it in the comment box.

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