List of Indian Words Enter into English Dictionary

List of Indian Words Enter into English Dictionary

Language is a medium with its own set of culture and entertainment.  English language has been showing its flexibility which is one of the main reasons why English has been regarded as an International Language today. Born in Germania it has constantly been acquiring new words from other languages and inserting them in the corpus of the language.
 
The culture of India is one of the oldest cultures in the world and yet it is so diverse as to be impossible to pin down and define. The South, North, and Northeast have their own distinct cultures and almost every state has carved out its own cultural niche. In spite of the diversity, it's bound by a common thread as one civilization perhaps because of its shared history of colonization and the following struggle for independence from the British.

Since the first colonisation had begun in 17th century, a vast array of Indian words also made its easy access into English dictionary. Being its diversity India has got 21 official languages, 150 major languages and about 1652 recorded languages and dialects. A huge chunk of words and phrases from different part of India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar got its entry into English language. The perpetual influence of India’s culture on the English language indicates the importance of our cultural heritage and the role it played in enriching the foreign language. The table below I have just wished to draw the words and their origin with meaning that English still owes to Indian:



English Terms
Meaning
Root Words/ Script / Language
Adda
Gathering of friends and relatives for mere gossiping.
আড্ডা
Bengali
Ahimsa
Non-violence
अहिंसा ahimsā (Sanskrit)Gandhiji popularised  this word.
Ambarella
A kind of tree
Sinhalese: ඇඹරැල්ලා æmbarællā
Amrita
Nectar of everlasting life
Sanskrit अमृतम् amṛtam
Aniline
A toxic organic compound
Sanskrit नीली nili
Portugese Anil
Apadravya
A male genital piercing where a barbell passes through the penis
Sanskrit
Aryan
Noble or honourable
Sanskrit आर्य Arya-s/ Greek Ἀρεία Areia/ Latin Ariana
Asana
Yoga postures
Sanskrit आसन āsana (seat)
Ashram
A religious heritage
Sanskrit आश्रम āśrama
Atoll
Coral reef enclosing a lagoon
Sanskrit अन्तला antala/ Maldivean:އަތޮޅު
Aubergine
Eggplant
Sanskrit
वातिगगम vātigagama
Avatar
The incarnation of a Hindu deity
Avtar अवतार
Ayurveda
Organic medicine from herb
Sanskrit आयुर्वेद āyurveda (knowledge of life)
Bahuvrihi
Much rice
Sanskrit बहुव्रीहि bahuvrīhih
Bamboo
A tropical giant woody grass
ಬಂಬು baṃbu (Kannada)
Bandanna
A large and brightly coloured handkerchief; often used as a neckerchief.
Bandhna बांधना (Hindi)
Bandicoot
Pig rat
పందికొక్కు pandi-kokka (Telegu)
Bangle
A type of bracelet
bāngṛī बांगड़ी (hindi)
Banyan
A merchant
Sanskrit वणिज्vaṇij/ Hindi baniya
Basmati
A kind of slender aromatic rice
Sanskrit वास vāsa/ Hindi बासमती
Beryl
Most alluring and popular mineral
Prakrit वेलुरिय (veluriya)
Betel
A leaf of a vine belonging to the Piperaceae family
Betel
Tamil or Malaylam
Bhakti
Passionate religious devotion
Sanskrit भक्ति bhakti
Bhang
hemp
Sanskrit भङ्ग bhaṅga
Bidi
A thin Indian cigarette wrapped in kendu leaf.
Sanskrit वितिक vitika
Blighty
"Britain" (as a term of endearment among British troops stationed in Colonial India) / foreigner
Vilāyatī विलायती,
ولايتى
Bridal Piri
Seat for newly married bride-groom as per hindu custom.
বিয়ের পিড়ি
Bengali
Brinjal
Eggplant vegetable
Sanskrit भण्टाकी bhaṇṭākī/ Persian بادنجان badingān
Buddha
Enlightened or awakened
Sanskrit बुद्ध Buddha/ from the name of Siddhartha Gautam Buddha
Bungalow
House in Bengal style
Bangle بنگلہ,
 बंगला
Candy
crystallized sugar or confection made from sugar
Qand
(Persian)
‘khanda’
(Sanskrit)
Catamaran
Tied wood
கட்டுமரம்
Kattumaram in Tamil
Cheroot
A cylindrical cigar
சுருட்டு
suruṭṭu in Tamil
Cheetah
Variegated
Cītā चीता
Chit
a letter or note
Chitthi चिट्ठी
Chuddar
A large piece of cloth for wrapping upper part of the body
Sanskrit छत्रम् chatram
Chukar
Partridge
Urdu چکور chukar/ Hindi चकोर / Sanskrit चकोर cakorah
Chukkar
A circle or wheel
Sanskrit चक्र cakra/ Urdu چکرchakkar
Chutney
A sauce in the cuisines of the Indian sub-continent.
Chatni चटनी (Tamil)
Coir
cord/rope, fibre from husk of coconut
Malayalam kayar (കയർ)
Or Tamil kayiru (கயிறு)
Congee
porridge, water with rice
Khanji
(Tamil)
Coolie
A labourer or slave
Tamil cooli (கூலி)
Or Gujrati
Corundum

குருந்தம்/ குருவிந்தம்
kuruntham/ kuruvintham
Cot
A portable bed
Khāt खाट
Chowkat
A door frame
Chokaath
Cowry
the shells of certain sea snails
Sanskrit kaparda (कपर्द)
Crimson
Reddish colour
Sanskrit कृमिज krmi-ja literally: "red dye produced by a worm”/ Spanish cremesin
Crocus
A flowering plant of iris family.
कुङ्कुमं kunkumam (Sanskrit)/ Hebrew כרכום karkōm/ Greek κρόκος crocus
Cummerbund
A waist-binding
Kamarband कमरबन्द - Urdu کمربند
Curry
a variety of dishes flavored with a spicy sauce
Dravidian Language
Cushy
Easy, happy, exalted
Khushi ख़ुशी
خوشی
Dacoit
Robbers, Bandit
Dakait डकैत्
Das
Servant or slave
Sanskrit दासा daasa
Datura
A kind of flowering plant
Sanskrit धत्तुरह dhattūrāh
Deodar
A kind of tree found in mountain region
Sanskrit देवदारु devadāru
Dekko
Look at or study something
Dekho देखो
Deva
God
Sanskrit देवी deva/ Latin deus
Devi
Goddess
Sanskrit देवी devi
Dhal
A kind of Indian food of dried pulse.
Hindi दल dāl
Dharma
Conformity to one’s nature
Pali: धम्म dhamma / Sanskrit: धर्म
Dhole
Wolf or dog species animal
ತೋಳ tōḷa (kannada)
Dinghy
A small boat
Dinghi
Ganja
Marijuana
Sanskrit गांजा gāñjā
Garam masala
A hot (spicy) mixture
garam masālā
गरम मसाल گرم مصالح
Gayal
A large bovine found in Northern India
Sanskrit गौह gauh via Bengali গযল্
Gharry
Vehicle
Sanskrit गर्त gartah via Hindi: गाड़ी,
Gharial
A kind of crocodile
Sanskrit घंतिक ghantikah
Ghee
A kind of clarified butter
Sanskrit: घृतं ghritam
Ginger
a fragrant spice
Tamil inchi (இஞ்சி) or Malayalam inchi (ഇഞ്ചി)
Godown
Warehouse
Telugu giḍangi or Tamil kiṭanku
Gour
White skinned
Sanskrit गौरह gaurah
Guar
an annual legume
Sanskrit गॊपलि gopālī,
Gunny
Sack
Sanskrit गोणी goni
Gurkha
A cowherd
via Nepalese गोर्खा / Sanskrit गोरक्ष goraksa,
Guru
An honourable teacher or priest. / heavy
Guruh गुरुः (Sanskrit)
Gymkhana
A sporting ground where different contests are arranged to test skill.

Hanuman
Mythological Monkey God (Hindu)
Sanskrit hanuman (हनुमान्)
Hare Krishna
Praising God Krishna
Sanskrit Hare (हरि) and Krishna (कृष्ण
Himalaya
Adobe of snow
Sanskrit हिमालय himalayah
Hijra
Impotent men
ಹಿಜಡಾ Hijaḍā (Kannada)
Hindi
The national language of India
Sanskrit सिन्धु sindhu (river name)
Interim
Intermediate
Sanskrit अन्तरीम antarim
Jackle
A kind of fox
Turkish çakal, / Persian شغال shaghal/ Sanskrit शृगालः srgalah
Jaconet
A lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish.
Jagannaath
(Puri, India)
Where this kind of textile is originally made of.
Jaggery
coarse brown sugar made from palm and sugarcane
Malayalam sharkara (ശർക്കര)
Or Tamil sakkarai (சக்கரை)
Jinnah Cap
A hat shaped like a fez but made of real or imitation karakul and worn by Pakistani Muslims on occasion
Karakulli topi (Name changed as Muhmmad
Ali Jinnah wore this hat)
Jodhpurs
Full-length trousers, worn for horseback riding, that are close-fitting below the knee and have reinforced patches on the inside of the leg.
Named after Jodhpur, an important place of Rajasthan, India.
Juggernaut
A metaphor for something immense and unstoppable because of institutional or physical inertia; or impending catastrophe that is foreseeable yet virtually unavoidable because of such inertia.
Jagannath जगन्नाथ
Jungal
Woods or forest
Jangal जङल्
Jute
A kind of fibre used to make thread, sack etc.
Bengali পাট jhuto / Sanskrit जुतास juta-s (twisted hair)
Kala
Black/ evil
Hindi/ Sanskrit
Kedgeree
Spicy rice
Sanskrit कृशर krśara
Kermes
Worm- made
Persian قرمز qermez / Sanskrit: कृमिज kṛmija
Khaki
A dusty or grey colour/ police uniform
Khākī  खकि
خاکی
Karma
Action/ deed/ cycle of cause and effect
Sanskrit
Kos
A shout
Sanskrit रोस krosah
Krait
A kind of snake
Sanskrit: काराइट
Lac
100 thousand
Hindi लाख lakh from Prakrit लक्ख lakkha / Sanskrit लाक्षम्
Lacquer
A liquid
Sanskrit लक्षं laksha
Langur
An animal of monkey family
Sanskrit लंगुलम langūlam
Lilac
Dark blue coloured flower
Persian نیلک nilak
Loot
Robbery
LooT , लूट
Multan
A kind of rug prevalent there
A place in Pakistan named “Multan”
Mogul
Ancient Mughal Dynasty ruled set up by Babara
Mughal
Maharaja
A king
Sanskrit महा राजन् maha-rājān
Maharani
A queen
Sanskrit महा रानी mahārājnī
Maharishi
A great sage
Sanskrit महर्षि maha-rishi
Mahatma
A great soul
Sanskrit महात्मा mahatman
Mahayana
A great vehicle
Sanskrit महायान maha-yana
Mahout
Elephant driver
Sanskrit महमत्रह् mahāmātrah
Mandala
A circle
Sanskrit मण्डल mandala
Mandarin
Advisor
Sanskrit मन्त्रिन् mantri
Mango
A very popular tropical fruit found in summer season.
Malayalam or Tamil
Mantra
A word or phrase or psalm used in meditation
Sanskrit
Maya
Illusion
Sanskrit माया māyā
Mithras
Friend
Sanskrit मित्र Mitrah
Moksha
Salvation or purification of soul
Sanskrit मोक्ष moksha
Mongoose
A small carnivorous mammal from southern Eurasia or Africa, known for killing snakes
Dravidian Language, spelling influenced by English ‘goose’.
Mulligatawny
Pepper water
Milaguthanni (Tamil)
Mung
One type of bean
Sanskrit mudga (मुद्ग) or Tamil mūngu (முங்கு)
Musk
a testicle
Sanskrit मुस्कस् muska-s
Mynah
A kind of speaking bird
Sanskrit मदन madana-s (love)
Nainsook
Pleasing to the eye
from Sanskrit नयनम्सुख् nayanam-sukh
Namaste
I bow to you
Sanskrit नमस्ते namaha-te
Nard
A round fat annoying person
French narde and Latin nardus / Sanskrit नलदम् naladam
Narghile
Hookah
Sanskrit नारिकेलः nārikelah
Nark
A police informer
Sanskrit नक्र‌ nakra
Navigation
Voyage
Sanskrit नौयान nauyaan
Neem
A kind of very useful medical tree
Sanskrit निम्बः nimbah
Nilgai
A kind of cow
Sanskrit नीलगौः nīla-gauh
Nirvana
The highest state of peace and enlightenment when individual desires and sufferings go away.
Sanskrit  or Prakrit
Nehru Jacket
a kind of sleeveless jacket that worn buttoned up to neck - formal and often worn by the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru

Opal
A kind of gem
Sanskrit औपल upalah
Orange
A citrus fruit, or a colour named for the fruit
Sanskrit ‘naranga’ or Arabic ‘naranj’
Pagoda
A religious building
Tamil pagavadi (பகாவடி)
Pandal
Temporary shelter
பந்தல் Pandhal (Tamil)
Panther
A tiger species animal
Sanskrit पाण्डर  pāṇḍara (Pale)
Pariah
A social outcaste
Tamil paṟaiyar (பறையர்)
Patchouli
A kind of spice plant like mint.
pachchai ilai (Tamil)
Path
way
Sanskrit
Peacock
A beautiful bird known for its dance in the monsoon.
Tamil tokei (தோகை)
Or may be O.E. ‘pawa’
Pitta
Young bird
Pitta పిట్ట (Telegu)
Poori
A kind of cake
Poori पुर
Punch
Mixture of five ingredients
panch ,
also there was a drink named paantsch پانچ
Pundit
A learned scholar or priest.
पण्डित Pandit
Pukka
UK slang: “genuine” or “solid”
Pakkā पक्का,پکا
Purana
Ancient time/ Hindu religious texts that are part of the Vedas.
Sanskrit
Pyjamas
A kind of leg garment
पैजामा paijaamaa
پاى
Raga
Indian Classical music
Sanskrit राग rāgah,
Raita
A kind of India dish made especially for accompaniment of roti.
रायता ریتا
 Rayta
Raj
Kingdom
Sanskrit राज्य rājya
Rajah
King
Sanskrit राजन् rājān
Ramtil
a dark sesame
Sanskrit रामतिलः rāmatilah
Rani
Queen
Sanskrit राज्ञी rājnī
Rice
Seed of paddy
Sanskrit व्रीहिस् vrihi-s
Roti
Kind of Indian bread
रॊटी روٹی roti
Rupee
Indian currency
Sanskrit रूप्यकम् rūpyakam
Rye
A kind of crop
Sanskrit राजा rājā
Saccharo
Sugar
Pali सक्खर sakkharā / Sanskrit शर्करा sarkarā
Sadhu
Honest man
Sanskrit साधु sādhu
Sahib
European people
Hindi ‘saheb’
Samadhi
A spiritual state of consciousness
Sanskrit समाधि samadhi
Sambal
A spicy condiment
Tamil or Telegu
Sambar
Asian deer
Sanskrit संभारह् śambarah
Samsara
Passing through
Sanskrit संसार saṃ-sāra
Sandal
wood for burning incense
Sanskrit चन्दनम् candanam / Greek σανδάλιον sandalion
Sangha
A community for Buddhist monk
Sanskrit संघ saṅgha
Sanskrita
Put together
Sanskrit संस्कृतम् samskrtam
Sapphire
A precious stone sacred to Saturn (Sani)
Latin sapphirus and Greek σάπφειρος sappheiros / Sanskrit शनिप्रिय
Sari
A kind of ladies garment
Prakrit सदि sadi/ Sanskrit षाटी sati
Satyagraha
insisting on truth
Sanskrit सत्याग्रह satyagraha
Sattva
truth
Sanskrit सत्त्व sattvah
Shamana
a Buddhist monk
Sanskrit श्रमण sramana-s
Shampoo
A liquid preparation for washing the hair.
chāmpo चाँपो
Shanti
Peace of mind
Sanskrit, T.S. Eliot made the term entry in his The Waste Land.
Shawl
A strip of cloth
Sanskrit सत्ल् satI
Siddha
Achieved
Sanskrit सिद्ध siddhah
Sikh
Studies
Hindi सिख sikh
Singh
A lion
Sanskrit सिंहः simhah
Stupa
Crown of the head
Sanskrit स्तूपः stūpah
Sulfur
Copper’s enemy
Sanskrit शुल्बारी shulbari
Sugar
ground or candied sugar
Sanskrit शर्करा sharkara
Sunn
A kind of fibre plant
Sanskrit: सन sāna
Sutra
rule
Sanskrit सूत्र sutram
Suttee
Virgin woman
Sanskrit सती sati
Swami
Lord or master
Sanskrit स्वामी svami
Swastika
A lucky charm
Sanskrit स्वस्तिक svastika
Taka
Money
Bengali: টাকা
Tantra
weave
Sanskrit तन्त्र tantram
Teak
A tropical hardwood tree
tekku (தேக்கு) in Tamil
Teapoy
Three-legged table
Sanskrit compound: त्रि
Thug
A cheater or con man
Thagi
ठग
Til
A kind of plant
Sanskrit तिल tilah
Toddy
A kind of juice from palm tree
Tārī
ताड़ी
Tola
A traditional unit of mass
Sanskrit तुला tulā
Tutty
Blue vitriol
Sanskrit तुत्थं tuttham
Typhoon
A cyclonic storm
طوفان toofaan
Veranda
Porch or corridor
baramdaa बरामदा
Vimana
Aeroplane
Sanskrit विमान vimana
Vina
A kind of musical instrument
Sanskrit वीणा vīṇā
Vinyasa
To place
Sanskrit
Wanderoo
A kind of monkey
Sanskrit वानर vānarah
Wat
An enclosure
Sanskrit वात vātah
Yoga
An ancient Hindu spiritual practices common in India that have become internationally popular
योग
Yogi
One who practises yoga
Sanskrit योगिन् yogin
Yugas
Age/ Period
Sanskrit
Zen
A meditation
Japanese and Chinese Chán / Sanskrit ध्यान dhyana
Zamindar
A landholder of British colonial India for collecting taxes.



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